About Hair

About Hair

about hair

The best way to care for your hair, to make it more rich and beautiful, is to choose the
most reliable products from the wide range of hair cosmetics available.
Kaminomoto makes your hair lustrous and beautiful ・start to care for your hair with Kaminomoto today!

Kaminomoto can be used for the followings:

  1. Prevention of hair loss, dandruff and itchiness of the scalp.
  2. Improving the function of the hair root.
  3. Regulation of the sebaceous secretion and cleaning of the scalp.
  4. Acceleration of hair growth and maintenance of healthy hair.
  5. Treatment of baldness regardless of age or sex.

What is hair ?

what is hair

Though it is different from the skin in many ways, hair, like the horny epidermis, is derived from cells.Nutrition is carried through capillary vessel to the hair bulb. A small mass of cells at the base of the hair follicles, called the “Matrix”, produces hair.Hair grows and pushes up to the surface of the scalp. Hair grows about 0.2 to 0.4 mm per day.

The formation of hair

Hair is formed of a combination of protein called Keratin and Water.
Karatin is harder and stronger than the protein of the internal organs of the human body. Keratin yields several kinds of amino-acid by hydrolysis.The amino-acids composing Keratin are as follows;Glutamic acid, Threonine, Valine, Cystine, Methionine, Alanine, Isoleucine, Tryptophan, Phenylalanine, Arginine, Proline, Lysine, Serine, Glycine, Histidine, Aspartic acid, Tyrosine and Hydroxylysine.

The character of Hair

  • Hair diameter Max: 0.2mm (Mustache) General:0.05-0.15mm (Hair on scalp)Min: 0.005mm (Downy hair)
  • Hair growing speed: 0.2-0.4mm/day (Eyebrow 0.18mm/day) 6-12mm/month, 7-14cm/year
  • Water content Average: 10-13% (Healthy hair) Max: 30% (Water absorption)
  • Maximum hair growth in general Japanese: 70-80cm, Americans and Europeans: 70cm, Native Americans: 90cm, Chinese: 90-100cm, Africans: 25-40cm
  • Tensile strength of healthy hair: About 120-180g/hair
  • Quantity of hair on head (Japanese): Approximately 100,000 hairs
  • Physiological (natural) hair loss: 50 to 100 hairs per day
  • Elasticity of normal hair Max: 1.4-1.5 times
  • Deterioration: Non deterioration up to about 120℃ (about 250 degrees Fahrenheit)Expands with heat at more than about 120℃, turns from black to brown and becomes weak.
  • Chemical Reaction Weaker against alkalis. Relatively stronger against acids.

What is loss of hair ?

Why do “Baldness” occur?

Hair is produced by the differentiation of the hair matrix under the scalp. However, in case of dysfunction of hair papilla (e.g. hormonal imbalance, nutritional disorder, etc.), hair papilla stops reproducing hair. There are so many causes of alopecia, such as weak nerves, heredity, hormonal imbalance, malnutrition, seborrhoea, scalp tension and so on. Furthermore, baldness arising from disappearance of hair papilla caused by burns, wounds, medicinal damage, syphilis or aging, etc.,.
The process is as follows; Stress Irritation, Medicinal damage, Aging, Burns and Wounds, Gastroenteric trouble, Syphilis and Others.

what is loss of hair ?

Malnutrition of skin, Abnormal sebaceous secretion, Decline & destruction of hair matrix

Trouble in hair growth

Hair grows about 0.2-0.4mm daily. Today it is an accepted theory that hair has a lifespan of 2 to 6 years. When the hair root dies, hair falls out naturally,and it is considered as physiological falling hair and it is not the abnormal condition.
Thus, everyone loses 50-100 hairs daily. After the interval of hair span, new hair replaces the lost hair, is growing from the same follicle. Thus, the cycle of regeneration repeats naturally and the balance of hair exchange is maintained. If the lifespan of hair is shortened or hair growth stops, the cycle will be lost and abnormal hair loss will increase.


Is hair loss an illness ?

It is abnormal when more than 200 hairs fall out per day, and it can be considered as kind of illness. There are various theories on the causes. Let’s check the difference between normal and abnormal hair loss:

check of your hair condition

A. Hair root of healthy falling hair.

check of your hair condition

No problem   Healthy scalp brings up a pair of healthy hairs that are thick and strong from each hair pore. They repeat normal hair cycle. The shape of healthy hair root is like an eggplant. (The ratio of length and width is about 2:1)
The lifetime of normal hair is about 5 years.

B. Hair root of abnormal falling hair caused by malnutrition of hair root or poor blood circulation in the scalp.

check of your hair condition

Alopecia or thinning
hair mainly caused
by male hormone

The swell of hair root is smaller than the root of healthy falling hair. It is atrophied and slender. It is a pattern of hair root that we frequently see in case of depression of hair root by strong male hormone or poor blood circulation in the scalp. This type of hair falls out without fulfilling the expected life-span. The growth of symptom shortens its Anagen stage, and likely to be downy hair, then it leads to thin hair and baldness.

Causes : Shortening of the hair cycle by the activation of male hormone and poor circulation of the scalp.

Measures : Make soft scalp and promote blood circulation to hair roots.

C. Abnormal hair root by disorder of surrounding tissue of hair roots and an environmental deterioration of the scalp / hair pores.

check of your hair condition

Alopecia or thinningMale pattern alopecia, alopecia pityrodes,
alopecia seborrheica and thinning hair  
hair mainly caused
by male hormone

We can see a few scraps of tissue / waste matters of surrounding tissue of hair root on the tip of hair root.
We can frequently see it caused by squama, falling hairs with dandruff, oily scalp and falling hairs with excessive sebum.
When the scalp is not clean or when waste matters are collected on and around the hair pore by an environmental deterioration of the scalp or hair pores, normal growth of hair gets disturbed by inflammation then falls out in early time.
The aggravation of symptom makes hairs downy and thin.

Causes : Inflammation and dandruff by breeding of germs. An environmental deterioration of hair pores. Increase of sebum by male hormone.

Measures : Improve the environment of hair pore.(Remove dandruff and sebum.)
Control germs. (Sterilization and anti-inflammation.)
Prevent male hormone from affecting sebaceous gland.

D. Abnormal hair root caused by sudden nutrition supply disorder to hair root or disorder of hair matrix cell.

check of your hair condition

Alopecia areata

The shape of hair root is small swell in comparison with healthy hair root, atrophied and is slender.
It is a pattern of hair root that we can frequently see in case of depression of hair root caused by strong male hormone or poor blood circulation of the scalp.
This type of hair falls out before the expected lifetime. The growth of symptom shortens its Anagen stage, likely to be downy hair and leads to thin hair and baldness.

Causes :Local disorder of blood circulation caused by stress. Disorder of nutrition supply from blood. Autoimmunity (Destruction of hair cell by itself.)

Measures : Accelerate blood circulation to the hair roots. Control autoimmunity (mainly in case of alopecia universalis )

symptoms of abnormal hair loss

Symptoms ofabnormal hair loss.

  • 200-300 hairs fall out per day.
  • Pillow covered with numerous hairs every morning.
  • Extensive hair loss when shampooing, combing and brushing.
  • Thinning of the diameter of hair.
  • Increase in numbers of short length / sharp tipped falling hairs.
  • Thinning hair at the front, side or top of the scalp.

Types of Alopecia

  • Alopecia areata
  • Alopecia premature
  • Alopecia seborrhoicum
    Alopecia pityrodes
  • Others
  • One or more oval or round bald spots suddenly appear on the head without other obvious symptoms. It is fairly easy to cure, but sometimes it spreads to the whole head or other parts of the body.
  • It is called common or premature baldness. It begins from the late teens and, especially, hair falls out from part of the forehead or top of the head.
  • The main characteristic of Alopecia seborrhoicum is oily dandruff, and the main characteristic of Alopecia pityrodes is dry dandruff. It happens with severe itching, hairs start falling from part of the forehead or top of the head.
  • Alopecia senilis
  • Alopecia syphilitica
  • Atrichosis congenitalis
  • Hair loss from burns or wound
  • *No hair grower will have effects on baldness on the parts of destruction, dysfunction or weakness of hair papilla against the above cases.
kind of alopecia

What is dandruff ?

what is dandruff ?

Dandruff and itchiness can be serious indications of abnormal falling hair!

Causes of and treatments for dandruff:

Dandruff is a mixture of sweat, sebum, dirt etc., added to flakes of outer layer of epidermis. As hair grows thicker on the head, these flakes becomeharder to remove than dirt, hence dandruff problems gradually appear if shampooing is insufficient.
There are two types of dandruff. One is dry type which is grayish white and flakes fall off when you scratch the scalp.
The other is oily type and it sticks to the nails when you scratch the scalp.


Pityriasic scale….
Firstly, keep the scalp clean by shampooing frequently. Then, improve the scalp function with hair tonic.
Apply oil onto the scalp to prevent from drying.

Seborrhic scale….
Keep the scalp clean by frequent shampoo, and then, use hair tonic.

Types of dandruff:

○ Dry and flaky type (Pityriasic scale):
When the air is dry and when there is little sebum, this type of dandruff appears because of
drying of the outer layer of the skin (the stratum corneum).

○ Oily type (Seborrhic scale):
As a result of excessive sebaceous secretion, greasy dandruff appears. Excess of sebaceous secretion would be caused by excess of androgenic hormone.
Keratinization of the scalp tissue may be accelerated by physical irritation, such as scratching with the nails, chemical irritation (from drugs), and more dandruff may occur.

Causes of dandruff and falling hair:

Dandruff is caused by abnormal keratinization of stratum corneum, the outer layer of epidermis.
Therefore, the sheath that is wrapping the hair root will be keratinized gradually.
This leads to a reduction of the power of the skin to hold hair to less than half of normal.
Eventually, even if the hair still retains its own life, it falls out easily whe
n pulled or combed.

Mechanism of accelerating hair growth.

Cleaning hair pores.

The individual hair of thin hair is usually slim, and there is a large
clearance between the hair pore and hair shaft. Eventually, the pores tend to get blocked by dandruff or waste matter.
Therefore, firstly, it is necessary to clean the pores and the scalp for liquid ingredients to penetrate deeply into the hair root.
This will stimulate the area around the hair matrix and hair root. Improve the activity of the skin function!
Stimulate the activity of the reticulo endothelial function!!
Activate the function of tissue cells!!!

Activation of hair papilla.

A disordered hair matrix cannot produce new hair, because it is unable to absorb amino-acid, to make polypeptide and to turn it into Keratin, even if the capillary vessel carries nutrition to the hair root.
Hair Growth Accelerators / Restorers contain various effective ingredients to accelerate the reproduction ofhealthy new hair.

Reinforcement of the capillary vessels,
carrying nutrition to hair papilla.

ino-acids, especially Cystine, are essential for the healthy growth of hair. Weak capillary vessels cannot furnish enough nutrition from foods and supply to hair papilla, furthermore they cannot support the growth of new hair.
The ingredients of Hair Growth Accelerators / Restorers prevent contraction of the vessels,
expand the vessels and stimulate blood circulation.

About Skin

What is Skin Care ?

Skin is like a guard to protect you from UV, dryness, oxidation, bacteria.
Skin care is for keeping skin healthy.

Make Up Remover
For removing oily dirt such as makeup. Pre-care before cleansing.

Face Wash Foam
For removing dirt and sweat, and making skin healthy.

Moisture ingredients hydrate the skin.

Compare with Lotion, Essence compounds
higher concentration of ingredients.
Even small amount is capable to show the effect.
It can be used for special care between lotion and milky lotion.

Milky Lotion
For holding the moisture and helping cream to work well.

For preventing the moisture to dry off and protecting from the bacteria.

The effects of AA-2G

New stable Vitamin C derivative

The Effects of AA-2G (L-Ascorbic Acid-2glucoside)

AA-2G is the natural-type of Vitamin C derivative that Vitamin C and natural sugar are combined together. It works effectively on preventing the spread of melanin of the skin.

Inhibits the formation of MelaninComparing with conventional Vitamin C derivatives, AA-2G shows the high physiological activation. Therefore, AA-2G is high effective for inhibiting the formation of melanin→ Whitening effect.
SafetyAA-2G is safe to human body, because AA2G is resolved into natural Vitamin C and glucose by enzyme of the skin cell in a living body.
StabilityAA-2G is very stable, because AA-2G is made in order not to resolve naturally. It is made by combing the secondary OH group of Ascorbic acid with one glucose molecule.
Activates the inner of the living bodyAA-2G easily and effectively changes into activated Vitamin C by the function of enzyme, which is in the skin cell.
SustainabilityVitamin C is slowly released, because of enzyme in the skin cell of a living body. Therefore, it shows the lasting Vitamin C effect.
Elasticity PreservativeAA2G helps to keep elasticity and strain of the skin Vitamin C has function, which promotes the composition of collagen (a chief protein ingredient of skin,) and protects the fiber of elasticity.

AA-2G effectively protects the skin from dullness,
spots and freckles which is caused by sunburn on skin.
Keep the skin clean.

①Reduces the precursor substance of melanin(dopaquinone), and controls the production of melanin.

②Inhibits the formation of melanin by inhibiting theactivation of tyrosinase, which is the enzyme to make melanin.

③Changes the melanin into light (tint) color by reduction of melanin in the skin.

●Spots and wrinkles appear when the production ofmelanin pigments are activated by ultraviolet ray,the over produced pigments and metabolic disorder ofskin are combined together.

●AA-2G penetrates into the skin and gets hydrolyzed, then resolves into natural type ofVitamin C(Ascorbic acid) and natural type of glucose. It works for the whitening the skin in 3 ways.

AA-2G works on melanin to…

  • Ⅰ. Lighten
  • Ⅱ. Stop increasing
  • Ⅲ. Stop producing